The Ligurian Sea Cetacean Sanctuary is a protected area of the Ligurian Sea that boasts many whales and other cetaceans. It was instituted in 1999 in a pact between France (Cote d’Azur and Corsica), Principality of Monaco and Italy (Liguria, Tuscany and Sardinia). This pact is listed in the special protection areas of the Barcelona Convention and is therefore upheld by all countries of the Mediterranean.
Also known simply as Cetacean Sanctuary, the area covers approximately 100,000 km of national and international waters where, thanks to environmental protection, the cetaceans can count on an ideal environment for their food chain.
The Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals is home to roughly a thousand whales and 30.4000 different species of dolphin. Risso’s dolphin, beaked whales, pilot whales and the occasional fin whale all find the ideal environment for feeding and mating.
Given the large numbers of cetaceans in the Ligurian Sea, protecting their environment it is of the utmost importance. This is accomplished by taking action on and in the protected land and marine zones that make up this stretch of sea such as regulating fishing, boating and tourism, activities that could otherwise harm or upset the lives of the marine mammals.